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Highland Park, St. Paul Dentist Explains Your Tooth Anatomy

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The Anatomy of Your Teeth

The anatomy of a tooth is actually quite simple. A tooth is made up of various layers that work together to give us our beautiful smiles. Every tooth is made up of multiple parts. These parts are as follows:

  • Crown - This is the part of the tooth that you see when smiling. The crown is covered in a white colored material called enamel. Enamel is the hardest substance found in the human body. Even though enamel is very strong, it can easily be broken down by the acids produced by oral bacteria and the acids found is many popular drinks like soda.
  • Dentin - Dentin is the layer right beneath the enamel. Although not as hard as enamel, its hardness is comparable to that of bone
  • Pulp - This is the inner most layer of the tooth. The pulp provides blood flow and nutrition to the tooth. The pulp also allows for the nerves to enter the tooth.
  • Root - This part of the tooth is hidden under the gum tissues. This can be visible when the gums recede as can happen during periodontal disease. The root anchors the tooth inside the bone allowing for support during chewing of food.
  • Gingiva (GumTissue) - The gums form a sheath around the teeth that protects the underlying bone. When you stop brushing your teeth for an extended period of time, the gingiva become red and puffy as the body begins the inflammatory process. This is the body’s way of defending against the plaque that has built up. If you completely stop brushing, the gingiva will eventually start to lose the war against plaque and recede from around the teeth.
  • Bone - The bone holds the whole tooth in its place. The bone is constantly remodeling itself. This is in response to various forces it experiences in the mouth. For example, if you have braces on, there are forces pushing on the teeth. The bone remodels itself to help the tooth move to the position in which it is being pushed.

We believe that educated patients are informed patients. Your teeth are quite strong but they are undergo constant wear and tear from a number of sources. If you are experiencing any tooth issues see the Highland Park, St. Paul dentist immediately to put your mind and dental health at ease.

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Laser Dentistry

Laser Dentistry Highland Park St. Paul

We’re using innovative laser dentistry to provide you with fast, effective, and comfortable treatment!

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Laser Dentistry Machine Used by Dr. Malterud

With laser dentistry more patients than ever before are getting the treatment they need comfortably and quickly. Our office uses the revolutionary Lightwalker Laser to treat a number of common dental problems.

With the Lightwalker Laser we:

  • Treat periodontal disease (also known as gum disease)
  • Eliminate cavities and prepare teeth for fillings
  • Perform root canals
  • Treat cold sores and canker sores
  • Improve the appearance of the smile with cosmetic dentistry
Diagram of Laser Dentistry by Dr. Malterud in Saint Paul, MN

Laser dentistry has a number of important advantages over traditional treatment methods. Laser dentistry is appropriate for a wide number of patients, including children and patients with dental phobias.

Here are some of the benefits of using the Lightwalker Laser:

  • Laser treatment is very comfortable, in fact many patients don't require any anesthesia during laser treatment.
  • The laser is quiet—no drilling sounds!
  • There is minimal bleeding with laser treatment.
  • No cutting or stitches.
  • Using a laser, Dr. Malterud can be more precise than with traditional instruments. This means that we can preserve more of your healthy tooth structure when placing fillings or performing root canals—keeping your teeth stronger for years to come.

Using the Lightwalker Laser we're able to offer our patients effective, efficient treatment for a wide number of dental problems. If you have questions about whether laser dentistry may benefit you, feel free to contact us by phone at (651) 925-2644 or schedule an appointment online.

NuCalm®

NuCalm Dentistry Highland Park St. Paul

Get the Relaxing, Comfortable Dental Treatment You Need With All-Natural NuCalm®!

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NuCalm®

Get the Relaxing, Comfortable Dental Treatment You Need With All-Natural NuCalm®!

NuCalm®, what’s that?

NuCalm® a completely natural relaxation protocol that helps dental patients remain comfortable during dental treatment. After using NuCalm® patients leave our office feeling refreshed and rejuvenated.

How does it work?

NuCalm® treatment combines a few different techniques to relax the patient. The purpose of NuCalm® is to coax the patient into the first stage of sleep. NuCalm® is designed to shift brain waves from high frequency beta brain waves (wakefulness) to lower frequency alpha/theta waves (deep relaxation).

What exactly happens during treatment?

There are four consecutive steps to NuCalm®:

  • First you’ll take a dietary supplement. This supplement helps to counteract the effects of adrenaline in your body.
  • Next, our dental team will attach small microcurrent stimulation patches behind your ears. Low-level electrical currents facilitate your body’s relaxation response.
  • Then, you’ll put on a pair of noise-dampening headphones. These headphones play soothing music that has been optimized calming neuroacoustic tones. As you listen to these sounds, you’ll fall deeper into a stage of pre-sleep.
  • The final step is for you to put on light blocking glasses. These glasses are so important—they help you block out distractions and potentially stressful stimuli!

It takes only moments for the effects of NuCalm® to kick in—you’ll notice the difference right away!

Why choose NuCalm®?

Dental patients of all ages choose NuCalm® because it:

  • Is effective
  • Is completely natural
  • Starts working in minutes
  • Doesn’t include any medications or narcotics
  • Does not require the patient to receive injections
  • Does not incapacitate you physically or mentally (you’re never unconscious)
  • Is free from side effects—you won’t have to wait for the effects to wear off post-treatment
  • Is relaxing and rejuvenating

NuCalm® is suitable for all kinds of dental patients, and it is great for those people who avoid dental treatment due to fear and anxiety.

About Our Team

Highland Park St. Paul Dentist Dr. Malterud

Dr. Mark Malterud DDS has been serving the Saint Paul, MN area as a general dentist for over 30 years...

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